The United Kingdom, an island country situated on the northwestern coast of mainland Europe. The United Kingdom holds the whole of the island of Great Britain, which contains England, Scotland, and Wales as well as the northern part of the island of Ireland. England, the birthplace of Shakespeare and The Beatles is home to the capital, London, which is amongst the world's leading financial, commercial and cultural hubs. England is also the site of Bath's Roman spa, Neolithic Stonehenge and centuries-old universities of Oxford and Cambridge.
The United Kingdom has made notable contributions to the world economy, especially in industry and technology. Since World War II, however, the United Kingdom's most eminent exports have been cultural, including literature, film, television, theatre, and popular music that draw on all parts of the country. Maybe Britain's greatest contribution has been the English language, now spoken in every edge of the world as one of the chief international mediums of economic and cultural exchange. The UK is a popular destination for higher studies for international students around the world and is home to three of the top 10 universities in the world, according to the World University Rankings.